Environmental Responsibility: Desired Future States

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Reduced Emissions with Energy Storage Applications

Future State Leader:
Giovanni Damato
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High renewables adoption, electric vehicle use, delivered electricity efficiency, reduced emissions from existing fossil generation fleet, and ecosystem protection are supported.

Gaps to this future state
  • Documented use to reduce emissions
  • High renewable scenarios
  • Long-duration storage applications
  • Metering and emissions accounting
  • Emissions cost and value streams

Sustainable Life Cycle Implemented

Future State Leader:
Stephanie Shaw
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Materials selection and extraction practices, manufacturing, transportation, and deployment practices consider and minimize negative impacts to environment and society.

Gaps to this future state
  • High social and environmental impact materials
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA) data
  • Procurement decision-making criteria
  • Global supply chain diversity and resilience
  • Materials certifications and traceability throughout life cycle
  • Material supply adequacy

End-of-Life Impacts Minimized

Future State Leader:
Stephanie Shaw
Stephanie Shaw.png

Safe disposal, recycling, and reuse of energy storage system components minimize negative environmental impacts of energy storage projects at end of life.

Gaps to this future state
  • Safe and responsible recycling and disposal
  • End-of-life utility planning and contracts
  • Economic recycling processes for lithium ion batteries
  • Validated battery second-life products and applications
  • Regulatory support for recycling and materials recovery